John Charnley - Orthopaedic Surgeon


On this day 23rd November 1962 British surgeon John Charnley developed a technique at Wrightington Hospital Lancashire that revolutionised hip replacement operations. He was later knighted for his efforts and his work became the standard procedure across the world.

Sir John Charnley, (1911 – 1982) was a British orthopaedic surgeon. He pioneered the hip replacement operation, which is now one of the most common operations both in the UK and elsewhere in the world, and created the "Wrightington centre for hip surgery".

He also demonstrated the fundamental importance of bony compression in operations to arthrodesis (fuse) joints, in particular the knee, ankle and shoulder.

Charnley also influenced generations of orthopaedic surgeons through his textbook on conservative fracture treatment which was first published in 1950.


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